Adverbial phrases of frequency, time and place

An adverbial phrase is a group of words which always go together. they describe where, when or how often something happens.

Adverbial phrases of frequency describe how often something happens.

every morning, every afternoon
every day – daily
every week – weekly
every month – monthly
every year – annually

every Sunday – on Sundays – on Sunday afternoons

once a day
twice a day 
three / four / five times a day

all the time

1) Adverbs of frequency often go in present simple sentences.
I have toast for breakfast every day.
We visit our grandparents twice a month.

2) Note that ‘on Saturday’ refers to one day. ‘On Saturdays’ means ‘every Saturday’.

Common mistakes
1)            Some students write adverbs of frequency in the wrong place.
                We every day go the park.                           =>                           We go to the park every day.

2)            Some students use the plural form with every.
                John goes swimming every days.              =>                           John goes swimming every day.


Use adverbs and adverbial phrases of time to talk about when you do something.

Adverbs of time include:
today, tomorrow, tonight, yesterday, tomorrow, nowadays
now, first of all, beforehand
soon, afterwards, later, next, then

1) Adverbs of time usually go at the beginning or the end of a sentence or clause.
Tomorrow, I’m going to the beach.
I’m going to the beach tomorrow.

First of all, we had a drink at a café.
We had a drink at a café first of all.

I’m going to the supermarket, and afterwards I’m going to the library.
I’m going to the supermarket, and I’m going to the library afterwards.

2) It is more common to use then at the beginning of a sentence or clause. 
Then we arrived at the castle.
I’m going to finish my work and then I’m going to have a drink.

It is more common to use soon and now at the end of a sentence.
We’re going on holiday soon.
I’m going home now.

Common mistakes
1)            Don’t use an adverb of time between the subject and the object of a sentence.
I went yesterday to the zoo.       =>           I went to the zoo yesterday. / Yesterday I went to the zoo.
I’m going now to the bank.          =>           I’m going to the bank now.         

2)            You must use a noun after After and Before. Otherwise, use afterwardsor beforehand.
I’ll be late to class tomorrow. I’m going to the doctors before.  =>             I’ll be late to class tomorrow. I’m going to the doctors beforehand.

I’m going to my English class and I’m going to the bar after.          =>           I’m going to my English class and I’m going to the bar afterwards.  

Use adverbs and adverbial phrases of place to talk about where something happens.

Adverbs of place include:
outside, inside, indoors, upstairs, downstairs
(over) here, (over) there
abroad, overseas

1) Adverbs of place usually go after a verb.
She lives abroad.
Let’s go indoors.

2) Adverbs of place can also go after the object of the sentence.
Rachel works in the office upstairs.
Your bag is on the table over there.